Grasshopper Species List  

 

Grasshoppers of Konza Prairie
(Click the following links to view some pictures of the grasshoppers )

Common Name

Scientific Name

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SPUR-THROATED GRASSHOPPERS

Melanoplinae

Fuzzy olive-green grasshopper

Campylacantha olivacea

short-winged; short hairs on prothorax

yes

x

Post oak grasshopper

Dendrotettix quercus

oak woodlands; arboreal

no

Grass-green grasshopper

Hesperotettix speciosus

short-winged; red markings; bluish hind tibia

yes

x

Snakeweed grasshopper

Hesperotettix viridis pratensis

colorful, distinct red and white markings; blue tibia

yes

x

Sage grasshopper

Hypochlora alba

short, pointed wings; host Artemesia

yes

x

Narrow-winged spur-throat Melanoplus angustipennis

no

Two-striped grasshopper

Melanoplus bivittatus

2 yellow stripes from behind eyes onto forewings; hind femur black-striped, hind tibia blue

yes

x

Pasture grasshopper

Melanoplus confusus

black stripe behind eye; hind tibia blue

yes

Differential grasshopper

Melanoplus differentialis

hind femur marked w black chevrons

yes

x

Red-legged grasshopper

Melanoplus femurrubrum femurrubrum

red hind tibia; hind femur dark-banded

yes

x

Melanoplus foedus

hind femur yellow, long forewings

no

Keeler grasshopper

Melanoplus keeleri luridus

red magenta hind tibia; forewings speckled

yes

x

Packard grasshopper

Melanoplus packardii

2 dark stripes from head to wings

yes

x

Grizzly Spur-throat grasshopper Melanoplus punctulatus camouflaged on lichen-covered tree bark

yes

*

Migratory grasshopper

Melanoplus sanguinipes

dark line on the femur is broken, red legs; line of spots on forewing

yes

x

Scudder's spur-throat grasshopper

Melanoplus scudderi

rounded, short-wings; red hind tibia

yes

x

Two-lined short-winged grasshopper

Paratylotropidia brunneri

short-winged; maroon hind tibia, distinctive white lines on thorax & wings

yes

*

Largehead grasshopper

Phoetaliotes nebrascensis

short, pointed forewings; blue hind tibia, 

yes

x

SLANT-FACED GRASSHOPPERS

Gomphocerinae

White whiskers grasshopper

Ageneotettix deorum

thin, whitish antennae; forewings speckled; hind tibia orange

yes

x

Striped grasshopper

Amphitornus coloradus 

dark stripes head to forewings

no

Bighead grasshopper

Aulocara elliotti

over-sized head; blue hind tibia

no

Boopedon auriventris

sides of prothorax have 2 vertical lines

yes

Restored prairie calico grasshopper  

Boopedon gracile

sides of prothorax have 2 vertical lines+ top; hind tibia band tan on magenta

yes

x

Harris sprinkled grasshopper

Chloealtis conspersa

moist habitat; female short-winged, male shiny black pronotum; uncommon

no

Short-winged green grasshopper

Dichromorpha viridis

green or brown; low areas, shady lawns

no

Velvet-stripped grasshopper

Eritettix simplex

antennae expanded tip; dark stripes on pronotum w/white, constricted, white mark on forewings

yes

x

Two-striped slant-faced grasshopper

Mermiria bivittata maculipennis

dark stripe from eye to forewing, small white streak on forewing; antennae flat & expanded centrally

yes

x

Mermiria picta neomexicana

no white streak; eye stripe brown

yes

x

Obscure grasshopper

Opeia obscura

antennae flat & expanded centrally

no

Spotted-wing grasshopper Orphulella pelidna dark spots & speckled forewing edge; 2 cuts across pronotum

no

Slant-faced pasture grasshopper

Orphulella speciosa

dark spots on forewing, pronotum & abdomen; one cut across pronotum

yes

x

Four-spotted grasshopper

Philobostroma quadrimaculatum

forewings 3-5 spotted; hind tibia orange

no

Short-winged toothpick grasshopper

Pseudopomala brachyptera

forewings short & pointed; antennae flat & expanded centrally

yes

Admirable grasshopper

Syrbula admirabilis

sexes different; 

yes

x

BAND-WINGED GRASSHOPPERS

Oedipodinae

Speckle-winged grasshopper

Arphia conspersa

hindwing black spur in red; early spring

no

Arphia simplex

hindwing black spur in yellow; summer 

yes

x

Autumn yellow-winged grasshopper

Arphia xanthoptera

pronotum arched; late summer, fall

yes

x

Green-striped grasshopper

Chortophaga viridifasciata

green & brown forms; hindwings colorless

yes

x

Carolina grasshopper

Dissosteira carolina

hindwing black, spotted at tip

yes

x

Dusky grasshopper

Encoptolophus sordidus

"X" on the pronotum

yes

x

Three-banded grasshopper

Hadrotettix trifasciatus

bottom half of inside of femur is blue

yes

x

Wrinkled grasshopper

Hippiscus rugosus

spring adults

yes

x

Platt range grasshopper

Mestobregma plattei

second black on outside edge hindwing

no

Coral-winged grasshopper

Pardalophora apiculata

common in spring; red hindwing; forewing spots large

yes

x

Haldeman's grasshopper

Pardalophora haldemanii

forewing w/numerous spots; spring

yes

x

Boll's grasshopper

Spharagemon bolli

forewing w/2 faint stripes; hindwing pale yellow

no

Mottled sand grasshopper

Spharagemon collare

forewing w/3 faint stripes; pronotum ridged; hindwing spotted at tip

yes

*

Orange-legged grasshopper

Spharagemon equale

forewing w/3 dark stripes, spotted at tip; hind tibia & inside femur orange

yes

*

Kiowa grasshopper

Trachyrhachys kiowa

pronotun 2-notched; hind tibia blue

no

REALLY BIG GRASSHOPPERS

Cyrtacanthacridinae

vertical stripe in the eye (fresh specimen)

American grasshopper

Schistocerca americana americana

forewings spotted; pale dorsal stripe

yes

*

Birdwing grasshopper

Schistocerca lineata

wings not speckled; yellow dorsal stripe

yes

Obscure bird grasshopper

Schistocerca obscura

green; hind tibia black; yellow dorsal stripe

yes

*

Romaleinae

Plains Lubber grasshopper

Brachystola magna

short-winged, flightless; heavy-bodied

yes

* The first specimen was added to the collection by a SLTER student.  

** Common name provided by Fort Riley Middle School 8th grade in 2001.  Grasshoppers missing a common name are in blue.  

 

Prepared by Valerie Wright, Ted Hopkins, and Sherilyn Smith 6/23/00, revised 5/16/05

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